Bunions form at the base of the big toe joint. Over time, the toe begins to point inward against the smaller toes, putting a strain on the joint of the toe. The skin that covers the joint may become red, sore, raw and irritated. Bunions are considered painful, and can negatively impact the way a person walks. When treated early on, bunions may respond well to conservative methods, however, in extreme cases surgery may be required to rest the position of the big toe. To follow is a look at the different types of treatment options available to patients suffering from bunions.
Conservative Methods for Treating Bunions
Nonsurgical treatments for bunions often alleviate pain, but do not entirely correct the issue.
- Padding, taping, or splinting the big toe can help straighten the joint and alleviate pressure in the big toe joint
- Rest and ice can help take down swelling after you have spent a lengthy amount of time on your feet
- Over-the-counter pain medications
- Wear roomy, comfortable and supportive shoes
- Ask a podiatrist about special shoe inserts that can help reduce pain associated with the deformed joint
Surgical Methods for Treating Bunions
When conservative methods have been exhausted and pain and other symptoms persist, it may be time to consider bunion surgery. Bunion surgery returns the joint to normal function, and can be performed a variety of different ways. A board-certified podiatrist will determine which method is best suited for each individual patient as bunion deformities are often unique.
Different bunion surgery techniques may include any of the following:
- Removing inflamed tissue from the joint
- Removing part of the bone in order to straighten the big toe
- Realigning the bone on the side of your foot to prevent the big toe from turning inward
- Joining or fusing bones permanently in the joint
After bunion surgery, narrow shoes are to be avoided to keep bunions from coming back. Depending on the extent of your surgery, you may walk immediately after the procedure, or require the use of crutches.
Do You Suffer from Painful Bunions? Contact Dr. Maislos, Houston Podiatrist
For more information about treatment for bunions, please contact us today to schedule an appointment. Our office is located in Houston, and we can be reached at (713) 541-3199. We look forward to hearing from you.