Bunions affect many people around the globe. They are considered to be a deformity, and can develop from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room in the toe area. Additionally, people who rarely stretch, receive massages, or exercise their feet may be prone to developing a bunion. Many family members may get bunions, and this can come from genetic factors. They appear as a bony protrusion that forms on the side of the big toe and can cause the need to purchase larger shoes. Large bunions can produce pain and discomfort, and mild relief may be found when specific exercises are performed. An effective stretch for the toes consists of rolling a tennis ball on the sole of the foot underneath the toes. This may help to release existing muscle tension. The toes can increase mobility by gripping the foot between the toes with the hands and moving the toes back and forth. If you have this ailment, and would like additional information about how to treat bunions, please contact a podiatrist who can offer you correct treatment techniques.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Inner Loop, Southwest, Greater Heights, and Pearland, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.