A wide range of conditions fall under the the category of foot and ankle deformity. The most common include bunions, hammertoe, or valgus deformity. Others include clubfoot and calcaneus deformity. At Houston Foot and Ankle Care in Houston, board-certified podiatrist Dr. Maislos, DPM, FACFAS, FAENS, and Dr. Lin, DPM, have nearly 2 decades of experience treating all types of foot and ankle deformities. We treat individuals suffering from congenital conditions as well as those resulting from “wear and tear” and other disorders. If you are suffering from any deformity of the foot or ankle, call the office or schedule a consultation online so you can get long-term relief.
Foot and Ankle Deformity Q & A
What causes foot and ankle deformities?
The most common deformities – for example bunions, hammertoe, or mallet toe – appear after years of wearing tight, restrictive footwear. The most frequent culprit among women is the use of high heels. High heels can place too much pressure on the forefoot, unnaturally compressing the toes and causing them to go out of alignment over time. It’s not just the toes that can be misshapen. Other problems that can occur are neuromas, metatarsalgia, and sesamoiditis.
With some patients, a foot and deformity can stem from a medical disorder or prior injury. Examples include cerebral palsy, osteoarthritis, or rheumatoid arthritis. Injuries that cause a change to normal walking gait, like a limp or shuffle, can also lead to deformity over time. Congenital causes can include flat foot, clubfoot or cavovarus foot.
What are symptoms of foot and ankle deformity?
Foot and ankle deformities can present a wide range of symptoms depending on the severity of the deformity and where it occurs. Minor symptoms can include the development of corns and calluses as the foot rubs against the inside of footwear, as well as associated discomfort.
A moderate case of deformity can introduce more serious symptoms, including inflammation and pain. If not addressed by a board certified foot doctor, this can lead to further complications affecting the tendons, bones, ligaments, nervous, and vascular structures of the foot. In extreme cases, the deformity can severely limit a patient’s mobility and impact quality of life.
How are foot and ankle deformities treated?
Depending on how severe your particular deformity is, Dr. Maislos may first recommend nonsurgical treatment methods to relieve pain, such as:
- Wearing more supportive shoes
- Padding for corns and calluses
- Foot orthotics to help relieve pain and pressure
- Exercises to strengthen or loosen the muscles and/or tendons
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Splints to keep your toes in proper alignment
- Ankle braces to improve stability
If conservative measures don’t relieve pain, Dr. Maislos may recommend surgery. Depending on the type of deformity, he may perform surgery in the office under a local anesthetic. However, for more complicated procedures, podiatric surgery may take place in an outpatient surgery center.
Even if you are not ready for surgery, Dr. Maislos can treat your existing foot and ankle deformity symptoms and help you regain quality of life and increase mobility. Call the friendly team at Houston Foot and Ankle Care to schedule a consultation or make an appointment online today.